- Colloquium: Time-reversal violation with quantum-entangled B mesons

Author(s): J. Bernabéu and F. Martínez-VidalOne of the most important symmetries in nature is time reversal, namely, that the laws of physics remain dynamically invariant from moving forward to backwa … - Colloquium: Majorana fermions in nuclear, particle, and solid-state physics

Author(s): Steven R. Elliott and Marcel FranzIn nature one can associate to each particle an antiparticle with equal mass and opposite charge: to the electron there is the positron, to the proton ther … - Colloquium: 100 years of mass spectrometry: Perspectives and future trends

Author(s): Simon Maher, Fred P. M. Jjunju, and Stephen TaylorMass spectroscopy was established more than 100 years ago and has been an invaluable experimental tool for many disciplines in science and … - Dielectric microcavities: Model systems for wave chaos and non-Hermitian physics

Author(s): Hui Cao and Jan WiersigThe quest to achieve optimal directional radiation from microlasers has stimulated numerous investigations in the field of dielectric microresonators which play an im … - Compass models: Theory and physical motivations

Author(s): Zohar Nussinov and Jeroen van den BrinkCompass models describe systems in which the interaction between spin components, or more generally the vector components of any other degree of freed … - Erratum: Bose-Einstein condensation in quantum magnets [Rev. Mod. Phys. 86, 563 (2014)]

Author(s): Vivien Zapf, Marcelo Jaime, and C. D. Batista[Rev. Mod. Phys. 86, 1453] Published Wed Dec 31, 2014 - Cavity optomechanics

Author(s): Markus Aspelmeyer, Tobias J. Kippenberg, and Florian MarquardtThe interplay between confined electromagnetic radiation and nanomechanical or micromechanical motion, often at the quantum lim … - Dielectric laser accelerators

Author(s): R. Joel England et al.The use of lasers to accelerate particles in dielectric structures has become much more prominent of late, with recent exciting results of electron acceleration in ver … - Hidden symmetries of dynamics in classical and quantum physics

Author(s): Marco CarigliaMany physical systems display unexpected symmetries which are often discovered by careful analyses of their solutions and structures. These ubiquitous “hidden” symmetries are … - Colloquium: Quantum root-mean-square error and measurement uncertainty relations

Author(s): Paul Busch, Pekka Lahti, and Reinhard F. WernerRecent years have witnessed a controversy over Heisenberg’s famous error-disturbance relation. Here the conflict is resolved by way of an anal … - Quantum channels and memory effects

Author(s): Filippo Caruso, Vittorio Giovannetti, Cosmo Lupo, and Stefano ManciniAny physical process can be represented as a quantum channel mapping an initial state to a final state. Hence it can be … - Colloquium: Emergent properties in plane view: Strong correlations at oxide interfaces

Author(s): Jak Chakhalian, John W. Freeland, Andrew J. Millis, Christos Panagopoulos, and James M. RondinelliA key theoretical concept in condensed matter physics is the ability of a collection of int … - Colloquium: Fractional calculus view of complexity: A tutorial

Author(s): Bruce J. WestFractional calculus used to belong to pure mathematics, but not any longer. With the increasing complexity found in systems with a large number of degrees of freedom, fractiona … - Editorial: PRX Takes on a New Role

Author(s): Gene D. Sprouse[Rev. Mod. Phys. 86, 1187] Published Thu Oct 09, 2014 - Spin-polarized quantum confinement in nanostructures: Scanning tunneling microscopy

Author(s): Hirofumi Oka, Oleg O. Brovko, Marco Corbetta, Valeri S. Stepanyuk, Dirk Sander, and Jürgen KirschnerA full understanding of electron confinement at surfaces and in nanostructures requires t … - Erratum: Nonequilibrium fluctuations, fluctuation theorems, and counting statistics in quantum systems [Rev. Mod. Phys. 81, 1665 (2009)]

Author(s): Massimiliano Esposito, Upendra Harbola, and Shaul Mukamel[Rev. Mod. Phys. 86, 1125] Published Mon Sep 22, 2014 - Colloquium: Nonlinear metamaterials

Author(s): Mikhail Lapine, Ilya V. Shadrivov, and Yuri S. KivsharMetamaterials became one of the fastest growing fields of research, not only because of its basic aspects, but also because of the larg … - The hadronic final state at HERA

Author(s): Paul R. Newman and Matthew WingComplex systems of hadrons are produced in electron-proton collisions at high energy when a photon emitted from an electron collides with a quark in the proto … - Modeling semiflexible polymer networks

Author(s): C. P. Broedersz and F. C. MacKintoshAssemblies of semiflexible polymers form the backbone of biological matter. Much stiffer than most synthetic polymers, they form structures with unique m … - Colloquium: Graphene spectroscopy

Author(s): D. N. Basov, M. M. Fogler, A. Lanzara, Feng Wang, and Yuanbo Zhang (张远波)Graphene has become one of the largest fields in condensed matter research and is having a large impact on technologi … - Colloquium: Biophysical principles of undulatory self-propulsion in granular media

Author(s): Daniel I. GoldmanMotion is a distinctive feature of life at every scale, ranging from the microscopic scale of molecular motors to the macroscopic scale of animals. The study of animal loco … - Beam by design: Laser manipulation of electrons in modern accelerators

Author(s): Erik Hemsing, Gennady Stupakov, Dao Xiang, and Alexander ZholentsLasers can be used to modify both the overall and internal structure of electron beams. This paper reviews the use of lasers … - Spin-dependent phenomena and device concepts explored in (Ga,Mn)As

Author(s): T. Jungwirth, J. Wunderlich, V. Novák, K. Olejník, B. L. Gallagher, R. P. Campion, K. W. Edmonds, A. W. Rushforth, A. J. Ferguson, and P. NěmecThe transition-metal doped ferromagnetic semic … - Nobel Lecture: The BEH mechanism and its scalar boson*

Author(s): François EnglertThe 2013 Nobel Prize for Physics was shared by François Englert and Peter Higgs. These papers are the text of the address given in conjunction with the award.[Rev. Mod. Phys ... - Nobel Lecture: Evading the Goldstone theorem*

Author(s): Peter W. HiggsThe 2013 Nobel Prize for Physics was shared by François Englert and Peter Higgs. These papers are the text of the address given in conjunction with the award.[Rev. Mod. Phys. ... - Publisher’s Note: Phonon-glass electron-crystal thermoelectric clathrates: Experiments and theory [Rev. Mod. Phys. 86, 669 (2014)]

Author(s): Toshiro Takabatake, Koichiro Suekuni, Tsuneyoshi Nakayama, and Eiji Kaneshita[Rev. Mod. Phys. 86, 841] Published Mon Jun 30, 2014 - Nonequilibrium dynamical mean-field theory and its applications

Author(s): Hideo Aoki, Naoto Tsuji, Martin Eckstein, Marcus Kollar, Takashi Oka, and Philipp WernerAdvances in preparing and probing nonequilibrium systems, as exemplified by ultrafast spectroscopy an … - Phonon-glass electron-crystal thermoelectric clathrates: Experiments and theory

Author(s): Toshiro Takabatake, Koichiro Suekuni, Tsuneyoshi Nakayama, and Eiji KaneshitaMaterials that hold promise for efficient thermoelectric conversion of heat into electricity must simultaneously … - Insect flight dynamics: Stability and control

Author(s): Mao SunFlying insects maneuver like no other organisms: they can hover, fly forward, or backward in all three dimensions, and rapidly change direction. These behaviors lead us naturally to … - Real-space renormalization in statistical mechanics

Author(s): Efi Efrati, Zhe Wang, Amy Kolan, and Leo P. KadanoffReal-space renormalization group methods have a long history. In recent years these ideas have seen a revival based on tensor network tec … - Bose-Einstein condensation in quantum magnets

Author(s): Vivien Zapf, Marcelo Jaime, and C. D. BatistaEarly work by Bose on the statistics of photons and by Einstein on the condensation of a noninteracting gas of bosons into a single-particle mac … - Crystalline color superconductors

Author(s): Roberto Anglani, Roberto Casalbuoni, Marco Ciminale, Nicola Ippolito, Raoul Gatto, Massimo Mannarelli, and Marco RuggieriAt high densities and low temperatures the ground state of quantum c … - Standard model Higgs boson searches through the 125 GeV boson discovery

Author(s): Gregorio Bernardi and Matthew HerndonFor more than 40 years, particle physicists searched for the so-called Higgs boson as a manifestation of the Higgs field which was introduced to explain … - Bell nonlocality

Author(s): Nicolas Brunner, Daniel Cavalcanti, Stefano Pironio, Valerio Scarani, and Stephanie WehnerBell’s theorem answers quantitatively, and in the negative, the question posed by Einstein, Podolsk … - 1/f noise: Implications for solid-state quantum information

Author(s): E. Paladino, Y. M. Galperin, G. Falci, and B. L. AltshulerDecoherence is a crucial limitation to storing and processing quantum information. When other sources of decoherence are eliminated … - First-principles calculations for point defects in solids

Author(s): Christoph Freysoldt, Blazej Grabowski, Tilmann Hickel, Jörg Neugebauer, Georg Kresse, Anderson Janotti, and Chris G. Van de WallePoint defects affect the performance of functional and struc … - Colloquium: Understanding quantum weak values: Basics and applications

Author(s): Justin Dressel, Mehul Malik, Filippo M. Miatto, Andrew N. Jordan, and Robert W. BoydThe concept of weak values was introduced by Aharonov, Albert, and Vaidman in 1988 as a theoretical tool … - Recent developments in heavy-ion fusion reactions

Author(s): B. B. Back, H. Esbensen, C. L. Jiang, and K. E. RehmFusion of heavy nuclei remains an area of intense research. Fusion reactions at extremely low energies between carbon and oxygen are impo … - Dilute ferromagnetic semiconductors: Physics and spintronic structures

Author(s): Tomasz Dietl and Hideo OhnoMaterials that simultaneously incorporate the properties of ferromagnets and semiconductors, thereby manifesting both spin and electronic degrees of freedom, not … - Quantum simulation

Author(s): I. M. Georgescu, S. Ashhab, and Franco NoriThis review covers different theoretical and experimental aspects of quantum simulation—the emulation of the time evolution of one quantum system … - Gravitational radiation detection with laser interferometry

Author(s): Rana X. AdhikariAfter 40 years of work on gravitational-wave detection techniques, a breakthrough is anticipated with the upcoming operation of a new generation of laser interferometers. De … - Galaxy masses

Author(s): Stéphane Courteau, Michele Cappellari, Roelof S. de Jong, Aaron A. Dutton, Eric Emsellem, Henk Hoekstra, L. V. E. Koopmans, Gary A. Mamon, Claudia Maraston, Tommaso Treu, and Lawrence M. Wi … - Secular evolution in disk galaxies

Author(s): J. A. SellwoodHow do disklike galaxies evolve in time? What is the origin of such evolutionary changes? How does the evolution differ among the stellar and the gas component? What is the ro … - Quantum-Bayesian coherence

Author(s): Christopher A. Fuchs and Rüdiger SchackThis review explores some of the consequences and features of the quantum-Bayesian approach to quantum theory. This approach contends that the difficu … - Fermi gases in one dimension: From Bethe ansatz to experiments

Author(s): Xi-Wen Guan, Murray T. Batchelor, and Chaohong LeeCold atomic gases can be made effectively unidimensional using tight magnetic or laser traps that freeze the particle motion along two dire … - Defect identification in semiconductors with positron annihilation: Experiment and theory

Author(s): Filip Tuomisto and Ilja MakkonenDefects in semiconductors are of great practical and fundamental importance. This review describes how to use positron annihilation spectroscopy to identify … - Colloquium: Annual modulation of dark matter

Author(s): Katherine Freese, Mariangela Lisanti, and Christopher SavageSeveral experiments have reported evidence for an annual modulation of the count rate in experiments designed to search for dark … - Colloquium: Beta-delayed fission of atomic nuclei

Author(s): Andrei N. Andreyev, Mark Huyse, and Piet Van DuppenNuclear fission splits a heavy actinide nucleus such as uranium or plutonium into two lighter nuclei, called fission fragments. Mass distr … - Colloquium: Laser probing of neutron-rich nuclei in light atoms

Author(s): Z.-T. Lu, P. Mueller, G. W. F. Drake, W. Nörtershäuser, Steven C. Pieper, and Z.-C. YanMarginally bound quantum systems are studied in different domains of physics, including nuclear, molec … - Colloquium: Multimessenger astronomy with gravitational waves and high-energy neutrinos

Author(s): Shin’ichiro Ando et al.Cosmological and astrophysical information can be transported mostly undistorted through space via gravitational waves and high-energy neutrinos. This Colloquium disc … - Single-electron current sources: Toward a refined definition of the ampere

Author(s): Jukka P. Pekola, Olli-Pentti Saira, Ville F. Maisi, Antti Kemppinen, Mikko Möttönen, Yuri A. Pashkin, and Dmitri V. AverinThe objective of developing techniques to identify, control, and co … - Colloquium: Artificial spin ice: Designing and imaging magnetic frustration

Author(s): Cristiano Nisoli, Roderich Moessner, and Peter SchifferFrustration, the competition between strong interactions, can lead to highly unconventional physical properties. The frustrated artifi … - Life at the interface of particle physics and string theory

Author(s): A. N. SchellekensString theory apparently involves an enormous “landscape” of possible vacua involving different parameters and physics, with no known selection principle to determine a uni … - Physics of adherent cells

Author(s): Ulrich S. Schwarz and Samuel A. SafranIn recent years it has become apparent that physical forces play a critical role in many biological processes. This is true for essential cellular proc … - Thermal conduction phenomena in carbon nanotubes and related nanostructured materials

Author(s): Amy M. Marconnet, Matthew A. Panzer, and Kenneth E. GoodsonCarbon nanotubes display a variety of electronic and thermal properties that depend on their length, diameter, and chirality and t … - White organic light-emitting diodes: Status and perspective

Author(s): Sebastian Reineke, Michael Thomschke, Björn Lüssem, and Karl LeoThe conversion of electricity into a photon flux with color quality resembling natural sunlight is desirable for artificial i … - Spinor Bose gases: Symmetries, magnetism, and quantum dynamics

Author(s): Dan M. Stamper-Kurn and Masahito UedaThe achievement of Bose-Einstein condensation with atomic gases has opened the way to novel superfluids, including those where the spin degrees of freed … - Hydrodynamics of soft active matter

Author(s): M. C. Marchetti, J. F. Joanny, S. Ramaswamy, T. B. Liverpool, J. Prost, Madan Rao, and R. Aditi SimhaActive matter consists of self-driven particles (fish, birds, and many biological system … - Principles of maximum entropy and maximum caliber in statistical physics

Author(s): Steve Pressé, Kingshuk Ghosh, Julian Lee, and Ken A. DillThe principle of entropy maximization is the foundation of both equilibrium statistical mechanics and information theory. Recently e … - The molecular universe

Author(s): A. G. G. M. TielensWhere, when, and how do chemical processes enter our understanding of the Universe? This review surveys observations in various spectral windows of interstellar molecules … - Nobel Lecture: Controlling photons in a box and exploring the quantum to classical boundary

Author(s): Serge HarocheThe 2012 Nobel Prize for Physics was shared by Serge Haroche and David J. Wineland. These papers are the text of the address given in conjunction with the award. [Rev. Mod. Phy ... - Nobel Lecture: Superposition, entanglement, and raising Schrödinger’s cat

Author(s): David J. WinelandThe 2012 Nobel Prize for Physics was shared by Serge Haroche and David J. Wineland. These papers are the text of the address given in conjunction with the award. [Rev. Mod. ... - Silicon quantum electronics

Author(s): Floris A. Zwanenburg, Andrew S. Dzurak, Andrea Morello, Michelle Y. Simmons, Lloyd C. L. Hollenberg, Gerhard Klimeck, Sven Rogge, Susan N. Coppersmith, and Mark A. ErikssonSilicon is univer ... - Colloquium: Cluster growth on surfaces: Densities, size distributions, and morphologies

Author(s): Mario Einax, Wolfgang Dieterich, and Philipp MaassThin films are omnipresent in our everyday life and are at the heart of modern technologies. With the advent of atomically thin films, such ... - Colloquium: Coherent diffusion of polaritons in atomic media

Author(s): O. Firstenberg, M. Shuker, A. Ron, and N. DavidsonPolaritons, quasiparticles that result from the interaction of a photon with an electric or magnetic dipole, are omnipresent in several are ... - Leaking chaotic systems

Author(s): Eduardo G. Altmann, Jefferson S. E. Portela, and Tamás TélWhen a hole or a leak is introduced in an otherwise closed chaotic system, persistent dynamics is converted into transient chaos. T … - Colloquium: The unexpected properties of alkali metal iron selenide superconductors

Author(s): Elbio DagottoIron-based superconductors are an amazing class of layered materials where superconductivity and magnetism coexist, cooperate, and, sometimes, compete with each other. The comp … - Colloquium: New physics search with flavor in the LHC era

Author(s): Tobias Hurth and Farvah MahmoudiThis Colloquium is a status report on quark flavor physics in view of the latest data from the B factories and the CERN LHC and the implication of these data … - Pregalactic metal enrichment: The chemical signatures of the first stars

Author(s): Torgny Karlsson, Volker Bromm, and Joss Bland-HawthornLight observed from high redshifts indicates the formation of the very first stars. How did they form and how are they related to the f … - Ion acceleration by superintense laser-plasma interaction

Author(s): Andrea Macchi, Marco Borghesi, and Matteo PassoniLaser-plasma acceleration of ions has been making steady progress, with the ability now to generate ultrashort, multi-MeV ion bunches in ext … - Theory and application of explicitly correlated Gaussians

Author(s): Jim Mitroy, Sergiy Bubin, Wataru Horiuchi, Yasuyuki Suzuki, Ludwik Adamowicz, Wojciech Cencek, Krzysztof Szalewicz, Jacek Komasa, D. Blume, and Kálmán VargaAmong the theoretical approaches … - The spin structure of the nucleon

Author(s): Christine A. Aidala, Steven D. Bass, Delia Hasch, and Gerhard K. MallotThroughout much of the twentieth century, the nucleon spin has been—just as the spin of the electron—viewed as an intr … - Hybrid quantum circuits: Superconducting circuits interacting with other quantum systems

Author(s): Ze-Liang Xiang, Sahel Ashhab, J. Q. You, and Franco NoriSuperconducting quantum bits, and the microwave photonic structures that control, couple, and measure them, have exhibited markedly i … - Models of wave-function collapse, underlying theories, and experimental tests

Author(s): Angelo Bassi, Kinjalk Lochan, Seema Satin, Tejinder P. Singh, and Hendrik UlbrichtIt remains possible that quantum theory breaks down at the macroscopic scale. That is, the absence of super … - Colloquium: Modeling friction: From nanoscale to mesoscale

Author(s): Andrea Vanossi, Nicola Manini, Michael Urbakh, Stefano Zapperi, and Erio TosattiFriction is a fundamental phenomenon that affects many different areas of human life and technology. In this … - Cold atoms in cavity-generated dynamical optical potentials

Author(s): Helmut Ritsch, Peter Domokos, Ferdinand Brennecke, and Tilman EsslingerWhen an atomic particle is placed inside a high-finesse electromagnetic cavity and is coupled to its radiation field, … - Colloquium: Homochirality: Symmetry breaking in systems driven far from equilibrium

Author(s): Yukio Saito and Hiroyuki HyugaIn 1848, Louis Pasteur discovered that certain molecules can rotate the polarization of light either clockwise or anticlockwise, defining their chirality. Some … - Complex photonics: Dynamics and applications of delay-coupled semiconductors lasers

Author(s): Miguel C. Soriano, Jordi García-Ojalvo, Claudio R. Mirasso, and Ingo FischerSemiconductor lasers were invented nearly two years after the demonstration of the first laser. Nowadays, they ac … - Magnetic cluster excitations

Author(s): Albert Furrer and Oliver WaldmannMagnetic clusters, that is, isolated assemblies of spins ranging in number from a few to several hundred, are both ideal model systems for the study of magn … - Quantum fluids of light

Author(s): Iacopo Carusotto and Cristiano CiutiIn vacuum an assembly of photons is a textbook example of a noninteracting Bose gas, each photon crossing the container along a straight line independent … - Colloquium: Perspectives on core-collapse supernova theory

Author(s): Adam BurrowsEven stars die, and when those most massive do, they do it in the most spectacular ways. However, our theoretical understanding of the mechanisms of one of nature’s most extraor … - Radiative corrections in precision electroweak physics: A historical perspective

Author(s): Alberto Sirlin and Andrea FerrogliaA comprehensive review of radiative corrections to electroweak processes is presented, in both the Fermi theory of weak interactions and the standard mode … - Colloquium: Spontaneous magnon decays

Author(s): M. E. Zhitomirsky and A. L. ChernyshevMagnetism is the prototypical many-body phenomenon. It is only through spin-spin interactions that symmetries can be broken and magnetic order or a spi … - Femtosecond x rays from laser-plasma accelerators

Author(s): S. Corde, K. Ta Phuoc, G. Lambert, R. Fitour, V. Malka, A. Rousse, A. Beck, and E. LefebvreA number of mechanisms for generation of x rays from the interaction of short-pulse lasers with un … - Stochastic models of intracellular transport

Author(s): Paul C. Bressloff and Jay M. NewbyIn a living cell, the transport of the proper molecules to the proper locations within the cell is critical. Since Brownian motion dominates at the scale o … - Colloquium: Three-body forces: From cold atoms to nuclei

Author(s): Hans-Werner Hammer, Andreas Nogga, and Achim SchwenkWhen particles strongly interact, new phenomena can emerge. In this Colloquium, the significance and implications of interactions between … - Neutral pion lifetime measurements and the QCD chiral anomaly

Author(s): A. M. Bernstein and Barry R. HolsteinPions, the lightest mesons, are considered to be the Goldstone bosons associated with the spontaneously broken chiral symmetry. The neutral pion plays a … - Nuclear spin physics in quantum dots: An optical investigation

Author(s): Bernhard Urbaszek, Xavier Marie, Thierry Amand, Olivier Krebs, Paul Voisin, Patrick Maletinsky, Alexander Högele, and Atac ImamogluIndividual electrons and holes confined to a semiconductor … - Colloquium: Modeling the dynamics of multicellular systems: Application to tissue engineering

Author(s): Ioan Kosztin, Gordana Vunjak-Novakovic, and Gabor ForgacsBiological materials, such as tissues, are complex multiscale structures composed of many heterogeneous and active components. Becau … - Steady-state tokamak research: Core physics

Author(s): M. Kikuchi and M. AzumiDeveloping a steady-state fusion reactor from the leading fusion plasma confinement device, the tokamak, is critical for fusion success. This article reviews the majo … - Colloquium: Multiparticle quantum superpositions and the quantum-to-classical transition

Author(s): Francesco De Martini and Fabio SciarrinoDecoherence is the process in which a quantum degree of freedom, electron, phonon, or photon, becomes “classical” and thermalizes when in contact wit … - Nonequilibrium phenomena in high Landau levels

Author(s): I. A. Dmitriev, A. D. Mirlin, D. G. Polyakov, and M. A. ZudovThe physics of two-dimensional electron systems placed in moderately strong perpendicular magnetic fields continues to be an act … - The classical-quantum boundary for correlations: Discord and related measures

Author(s): Kavan Modi, Aharon Brodutch, Hugo Cable, Tomasz Paterek, and Vlatko VedralSeparated quantum mechanical systems can be correlated in ways that are not possible in classical physics. Schroedi … - CODATA recommended values of the fundamental physical constants: 2010

Author(s): Peter J. Mohr, Barry N. Taylor, and David B. NewellThis review of the fundamental physical constants and conversion factors of physics and chemistry provides recommended values and their as … - The properties of hydrogen and helium under extreme conditions

Author(s): Jeffrey M. McMahon, Miguel A. Morales, Carlo Pierleoni, and David M. CeperleyHydrogen and helium, the most abundant elements in the Universe, show extraordinary properties under extreme con … - Tests of the standard electroweak model at the energy frontier

Author(s): John D. Hobbs, Mark S. Neubauer, and Scott WillenbrockExperiments at the Fermilab Tevatron pp̅ collider have greatly enhanced our understanding of the electroweak sector of the standard mod … - Maximally localized Wannier functions: Theory and applications

Author(s): Nicola Marzari, Arash A. Mostofi, Jonathan R. Yates, Ivo Souza, and David VanderbiltThe dichotomy between extended, or Bloch, states, and localized, or Wannier, states in solid-state physic … - A common thread: The pairing interaction for unconventional superconductors

Author(s): D. J. ScalapinoUnconventional superconductivity has been found in different classes of materials, including cuprates, Fe-based compounds, and heavy-fermion systems. This review provides phe …